Types of Bone Fractures

Bones are made to create a skeleton that anchors other body tissues. Despite the bone being fundamentally strong, it can still undergo wear and tear and trauma. Fractures happen when bones break, often due to a significant force-delivering impact. The physical force being exerted should be stronger compared to the bone for a fracture to happen.  

What is a Bone Fracture?

Bone fractures are medical conditions where the bone’s continuity ceases to exist. The bone need not completely break for it to be called a fracture. Even cracks are referred to as fractures. The bone could be partially fractured or completely fractured in different ways (lengthwise, crosswise, in multiple pieces).

Fractures are not rare. Your fracture risk depends on your age. A broken bone is quite common during childhood, though children’s fractures are less complicated in nature compared to fractures in adults. With age, your bones lose integrity and the chances of suffering fractures from falls increase.

Types of Fractures

There are different types of bone fractures. The most common ones are described below.

Transverse Fracture

A transverse fracture happens when the bone breaks perpendicularly to the bone’s long axis. Typically, this happens when a blow transfers a significant amount of impact that’s ninety degrees in angle to the bone. These fractures need treatment from an orthopedic trauma surgeon.

Oblique Fracture

Oblique fractures are characterized by a curved or diagonal break. These fractures are relatively common and vary in severity, based on the specific bone that’s affected and the fracture size. They tend to happen on longer bones, such as the tibia or femur. A sharp blow coming from an angle could cause oblique fractures.

Comminuted Fracture

A comminuted fracture is essentially a splinter or break of the bone in three or more fragments. Since significant energy and force is needed for fragmenting the bone, fractures of such kind happen post high-impact trauma, usually synonymous with vehicular accidents. The fracture could be quite serious, with bones in the feet or hand being the most susceptible.

Greenstick Fracture

Greenstick fractures are usually seen in kids whose bones have not developed fully yet. The soft bones of a child could break when they encounter a significant force, which could lead to bone-bending. At times, the bone’s outer side breaks while the remainder of the bone stay unbroken.

Stress Fracture

At times, athletes suffer from stress fractures that could seriously hinder athletic performance. These fractures are hairline cracks that may lead to major discomfort. Such fractures are usually caused by repeated mechanical stress and not a sudden blow or impact.

Pathologic Fracture

Pathologic fractures are caused by diseases that weaken bones significantly—osteoporosis being a leading cause. Osteoporosis patients have weak or brittle bones that make them more vulnerable to cracks or breaks than healthy bones.

Contact a Brooklyn broken bone attorney if you think your bone fracture was courtesy an accident.

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